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Maithili Sharan Gupt: National Poet’s Biography & Legacy

Maithili Sharan Gupt, born on August 3, 1886, in Chirgaon, Uttar Pradesh, India, is an eminent figure in Indian literature and politics. Honored with the title of ‘National Poet’ by Mahatma Gandhi, his life encapsulates the fusion of poetry, politics, and patriotism.

Early Life and Education

  • Born into a Scholarly Family: Gupt hails from a once-wealthy Zamindar family.
  • Influence of Father: His father, Seth Ramcharan Gupt, a Hindi literature scholar, played a crucial role in shaping his literary inclinations.
  • Debut Collection: Gupt published his first collection of poems, “Rang Mein Bhang,” in 1910.
  • Formal Education: After early studies in Sanskrit, he pursued higher education at Allahabad University, earning B.A. (1919) and M.A. (1921) degrees.

Literary and Political Career

  • Patriotic Poetry: Gupt’s poetry, including renowned works like “Bharat-Bharati” and “Saket,” reflected deep patriotism and social consciousness.
  • Congress Involvement: Actively participating in the Indian National Congress, he served as its President twice.
  • Padma Bhushan: In 1954, he received the Padma Bhushan, acknowledging his significant contributions to Hindi literature.
  • Non-Cooperation Movement: A staunch supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, Gupt actively participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement.

Political Contributions

  • Rajya Sabha Role: Post-independence, Gupt served in the Rajya Sabha, contributing to developing Indian literature and culture.
  • Language Preservation: He advocated for preserving Indian languages, mainly Hindi, and worked towards its recognition as a national language.
  • Literary Organizations: Gupt played a vital role as the President of the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan and as a member of the executive committee of the Sahitya Akademi.

Also Read Pranjal Dahiya Biography

Famous Works

  • “Saket”: A collection of poems published in 1931, based on the story of Urmila from the Ramayana.
  • “Bharat-Bharati”: Published in 1912, this collection gained popularity among those fighting for independence.
  • “Plassey ka Yuddha”: Poems revolving around the Battle of Plassey.
  • “Swapnavaasavdatta” Translation: Translated from Sanskrit to Hindi, showcasing Gupt’s linguistic prowess.

Legacy and Death

  • Legacy of Inspiration: Maithili Sharan Gupt’s words, characterized by simplicity and profundity, continue to inspire readers.
  • Death: He died on December 12, 1964, in Sujan Singh Park, New Delhi, at 78.

Explore Further

  • Read “Saket” by Maithili Sharan Gupt
  • Hindi Sahitya Sammelan
  • Sahitya Akademi

Maithili Sharan Gupt’s life, a tapestry woven with words and political fervor, remains indelible in Indian history. His poetry echoes the spirit of a nation, and his political contributions shaped the cultural landscape. Explore the journey of the ‘National Poet’ and delve into the pages of a life dedicated to the pen and the people.