Short Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam in english

Short Biography of APJ Abdul Kalam in englishs

Abdul Kalam ji is also called the “Missile Man of India” due to his essential role in India’s nuclear energy sector.

Dr. Abdul Kalam was also awarded India’s highest civilian award for his involvement in nuclear weapons programs.

Though he is no longer with us, the country of India will never forget his work, contribution, and tenure as President.

Overview of Dr Abdul Kalam Biography

Full NameAvul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam)
Date of Birth15-Oct-1931
Birth PlaceDhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India
Father’s Namejainulabdeen
Mother’s Nameasimma
Wifenot married
NationalityIndian
Death27 July 2015, Shillong, Meghalaya, India
President’s term25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007

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Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Early Life: 

APJ Abdul Kalam Early Life

Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in the Tamil Muslim family of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. His father’s name was Zainlabdeen (Father’s Name), and he used to work in leasing and selling boats.

Kalam Ji’s father was illiterate, but his thoughts were far above common thinking.

He was a man of high thoughts and wanted to give higher education to all his children.

His mother’s name was Aseemma (Mother’s Name), and she was a domestic housewife.

Abdul Kalam had five siblings, including three elder brothers and one elder sister.

When Abdul Kalam was born, his family was struggling with poverty. To help the family, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam started selling newspapers at a young age.

During his school days, he was regular in his studies but was always ready to learn new things.

He was always ready to learn things and studied for hours. Mathematics was his principal and interest subject.

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Abdul kalam’s education

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Ji received his enrollment in elementary education from Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu.

During his school days, he was greatly influenced by one of his teachers, Ayadurai Solomon.

His teacher believed that desire, hope and faith should always be kept in one’s life, and it is crucial to control these basic mantras.

Due to these three Mool Mantras, you can achieve your destination without any problem.

Abdul Kalam Ji kept these basic mantras in his life till his last time.

After his early education, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam obtained his B.Sc degree in Physics in 1954 from St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli. After this, he moved to Madras in 1955.

Kalam Ji was to become a fighter pilot, for which he took education at the Institute of Technology in Aerospace Engineering.

Still, he got a ninth place in the examination, while the IAF declared eight results, which he could not succeed in.

After graduation, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam started working on a project. The project in charge had given time to complete the rocket model in just three days and also said that if this model could not be made, his scholarship would be canceled.

What was then?

Abdul Kalam Ji saw neither night nor day, neither hunger nor thirst.

He completed his goal in just 24 hours and made the model of the rocket.

The project in charge could not believe that this model would be completed soon, and the project in charge was also surprised to see that model.

Thus Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam faced many challenges in his life.

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Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Career: 

Abdul kalam's education

After graduating, Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization as a scientist.

He also worked with famous scientist Vikram Sarabhai. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam came to ISRO in 1969 and worked as Project Director.

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While working in this position, India’s first satellite Rohini was placed in Earth’s orbit in 1980.

It was a matter of great fortune for Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam to join ISRO as he felt that his living purpose was being fulfilled.

In 1963-64, Abdul Kalam also visited the American organization NASA.

India’s famous nuclear scientist Raja Ramanna conducted the first nuclear test, which Kalam ji was called to test.

In the 1970s-1980s, Dr. Abdul Kalam became a famous scientist in the country due to the success of his work, and due to the rise in fame, the then Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi allowed some secret works without the approval of her cabinet.

FAQ’s on APJ Abdul Kalam

Q. What is Abdul Kalam most famous for?

A. Abdul Kalam is most famous for being the President of India from 2002 to 2007, and for his contributions to the development of India’s civilian space program and military missile program as a scientist and engineer. He is also known for his inspirational speeches and writings on topics such as education, youth empowerment, and spirituality.

Q. At what age Abdul Kalam died?

A. Abdul Kalam passed away on July 27, 2015 at the age of 83.

Q. Why APJ Abdul Kalam is an inspiration?

A. APJ Abdul Kalam is an inspiration because he rose from humble beginnings to become a highly respected scientist and leader in India, he played a key role in the development of India’s civilian space program and military missile program, and he was known for his humility, simplicity, and kindness, inspiring young people around the world to make a positive difference.

Q. What did Abdul Kalam invent?

A. Abdul Kalam, a renowned scientist and former President of India, did not invent any specific technology or device. However, he played a key role in the development of India’s civilian space program and military missile program, and was instrumental in the successful testing of India’s first satellite launch vehicle and nuclear weapons. He also made significant contributions to the fields of aeronautical engineering and missile technology, which helped to advance India’s technological capabilities.

Q. Who defeated Abdul Kalam?

A. Abdul Kalam, the former President of India, was not defeated by anyone, as he did not participate in any elections.

Q. Who is the best friend of Kalam?

A. Abdul Kalam had many friends throughout his life, but his closest friend was likely Soma Raju, a scientist and researcher whom Kalam met in the 1960s while working on India’s satellite launch vehicle program. Raju and Kalam shared a deep friendship and professional collaboration that spanned several decades, and Raju was with Kalam during his final moments before he passed away in 2015.

Q. Who invited Kalam to his house?

A. Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan invited Kalam to his home for dinner in 2005. The two had a warm and engaging conversation, and Bachchan later described Kalam as a “great mind and soul.

Q. Who helped Kalam?

A. Abdul Kalam received help and support from many people throughout his life, including his parents, teachers, mentors, colleagues, and friends. Some of the individuals who played a particularly important role in his life include his father, Jainulabdeen, who was a devout Muslim and an inspiration to Kalam; his teacher, Sivasubramania Iyer, who instilled in Kalam a love of mathematics and science; and his mentor, Vikram Sarabhai, who helped Kalam to develop his skills as a scientist and engineer and encouraged him to pursue his dreams.

Q. What was Kalam’s view about his first job?

A. Abdul Kalam’s first job was as a trainee engineer at the Directorate of Technical Development and Production (DTDP) of the Ministry of Defence in India. In his autobiography “Wings of Fire”, Kalam described this job as a turning point in his life, as it gave him the opportunity to apply his technical knowledge and skills to real-world problems. He viewed his first job as a valuable learning experience that helped to shape his future career as a scientist and engineer. He also felt a strong sense of duty and responsibility to his country, and saw his work at DTDP as a way to contribute to India’s defense and security.